This is the scarce and iconic French model 1822 heavy cavalry sabre, often referred to by its nickname, “Bancal.” These sabres were used by French Dragoons, Cuirassier and Carabiniers during the Crimean War, the Mexican Expedition and the Franco-Prussian War as well as in several colonial conflicts. This sabre was made at the Klingenthal armoury in May, 1824.
The 972mm single-edged Montmorency blade has a broad, flat spine with a wide, shallow fuller running for 800mm of its length. A shorter, narrow fuller runs immediately below the spine. The blade has a slight curve and terminates in a narrow hatchet point. The blade is in excellent condition with a patch of very pale tarnish towards the point.
The spine is engraved with the Klingenthal armoury details and the date Mai, 1824. The ricasso bears the poincon of Jean Bureau, Klingenthal inspecteur from 6th February 1819 and Jean Dubocq, Klingenthal Directuer from 22nd November 1823.
The brass four-bar guard is in great condition. The knuckle bow has three stamps, one of Dubocq, another of Bureau and the number 65. The beak quillon is also stamped. The leather wrapped wooden grip is in good condition though lacking its strand of wire. The blade is firm in the hilt.
The sword is complete with its steel scabbard with two suspension rings and asymmetrical shoe. The scabbard is in great condition. The throat is stamped with an inspection mark and the top ring band bears two worn stamps. The shoe bears a stamp and the number 31. The sword draws and sheathes smoothly and is held firmly within the scabbard.
This is a scarce early M1822 heavy cavalry trooper’s sabre in great condition and clearly stamped.
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